Highways England is responsible for operating, maintaining and improving England’s motorways and major A roads, known as the strategic road network (SRN), while local roads are manged by the relevant local authority. Roads in the capital are managed by Transport for London (TfL).
Funding comes through the Department for Transport (DfT), which has committed to provide security of funding for our roads between 2015 and 2020.
Highways England is set to receive £15.2 billion during this period, while the government will be providing local authorities (in England, excluding London) with just under £6 billion for local road maintenance.
Of this funding, £4.7 billion will be allocated to English authorities according to a needs-based formula, with £580 million to incentivise good asset management and efficiencies. £575 million has also been reserved for a challenge fund for large one-off maintenance and renewal projects. In addition, the government has created a £50 million Pothole Action Fund for England in 2016/17, as well as making money available to repair storm damaged roads.
TfL receives a grant from the DfT as well as Greater London Authority (GLA) in addition to funding from other sources such as fares, congestion charge and advertising income. Money is then allocated by TfL to London councils for maintaining the capital’s roads.
The UK government provides a block grant to the Welsh, Scottish and Northern Irish governments to cover all devolved issues, which include highways and transport. Each has also been in receipt of EU funds for road projects.
The Welsh Government is responsible for the maintenance, operation and management of over 75 miles of motorways and over 1,000 miles (1,610 km) of trunk roads and works with two trunk road agents – SWTRA in south Wales and NMWTRA in north and mid Wales. It also allocates funds to Welsh local authorities for the maintenance of local roads.
Scotland has a similar structure: Transport Scotland maintains 2,237 miles (3,600 km) of motorways and key trunk routes while councils look after the remaining 32,560 miles (52,400km).
In Northern Ireland, Transport NI is responsible for the maintenance of over 15,500 miles (25,000km) of public roads.
More information on funding can also be found at: http://www.roadusers.org.uk/chapters/infrastructure-investments/#englandregionalexpenditureonroads